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Renewable Energies & Hydrogen Countries with Cooperation Agreements

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Chile

Energy Sector:Hydrogen

Category:Countries with Cooperation Agreements

Region/Province:n.n.

Chile has taken on a pioneering role in developing and using renewable energy in South America. The conditions in the world’s second-largest country are excellent. More than 4,000 km coastlines offer plenty of wind. The Atacama Desert in Northern Chile is the region with the highest solar radiation levels in the world, making it perfect for solar power production. As a whole, Chile has a wealth of natural resources that represents a huge potential to fulfill its green commitment.

According to the data of International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2022, hydropower was the most important electricity source (23.6%), followed by coal (22.4%) and natural gas (19.6%). Combining wind, solar and biofuels, all renewable sources contributed to more than half of the domestic electricity generation. The share and role of renewables in Chile will continue to grow, as the Chilean government has announced ambitious expansion targets: 70% of the country’s electricity will be generated from renewable sources by 2030. As part of the long-term climate strategy, Chile also defines some key actions to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, including coal phase-out, green hydrogen production and zero-emission vehicle deployment.

Hydrogen

Chile is among the first countries in the world to have laid out a national hydrogen strategy. In view of the abundant potential of renewable energy, Chile sees itself as a leading exporter for green hydrogen (20 mi. tons per year) as well as a supply market for the cheapest green hydrogen on the planet (0,65-1,25 USD/KG) by 2050. As part of the National Hydrogen Strategy, the German Federal Ministry for Economics and Climate Action supported the Power-to-X project “Haru Oni” for building the worldwide first commercial integrated production facility for climate-friendly fuels in the south of Chile.

In 2023, EEHH and Innovation Center of Pontificia Unversidad Catolica forged a partnership with the aim of strengthening the relationship and to promote cooperation on a wide range of topics within the scope of production, use, import and distribution of green hydrogen.

The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile is the 1st University in Latin America according to the QS Ranking. The UC Innovation Center has as its mission to promote a pro-innovation and entrepreneurship culture and ecosystem at the university and in the country, through the development of networks and the promotion of associative projects between the university, the private and public sector.

Haru Oni

A consortium of German, Chilean and international industrial and energy corporations such as Siemens Energy, Porsche and ExxonMobil have built the world’s first integrated, industrial-scale plant “Haru Oni” for synthetic fuels in Patagonia, the southern part of Chile. The synthetic fuels will be made from hydrogen produced with wind and solar power and Co2 captured in the air. The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action provided funding of €8.23 mio. to the project as part of the National Hydrogen Strategy. The first eFuel has been shipped to the customer in January 2023.

Hamburg Blue Hub

LOTHER GRUPPE plans to store and distribute e-Methanol, e-Fuels, HVO, e-Diesel on the premises of the terminal operator Evos Hamburg GmbH, perspectively also hydrogen and its derivatives. The first green molecules could arrive as early as 2026 from various international projects, such as the Chilean "Haru Oni" project with an annual output of up to 75 mio. litres of e-fuels. A declaration of intent was signed in the presence of the first mayor Tschentscher in Santiago de Chile in August 2022.